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- 06.11.2003 N 117 " - "

10 2009



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. 12


: | .1 | .2 | .3 | .4 | .5 | .6 | .7 | .8 | .9 | .10 | .11 | .12 | .13 | .14 | .15 | .16 | .17 | .18 | .19 | .20 |



+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-223                                        -          235    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-224                                        -          300    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
                                                       
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
 :                                        
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
--27                                                 260    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
--26                                      -          260    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
--26                                       -          270    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
--27                                       -          270    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
                                   
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
 - -226               -          180    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
  -52                          -          140    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
 - -271                 -          120    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
                                       
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
 :                                           
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-115                                  130         220    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-14                                        130         220    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
                  
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
 :                                           
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-115                                  145         250    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-223                                  170         290    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-14                                        150         255    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
  -181                      170         290    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
  -230                    150         260    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
                                                     
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
 :                                           
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-115                                  150         250    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-14                                        170         290    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
  -181                      150         290    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
  -230                    150         260    
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
 -52                                     -           -     
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
                                        100          -     
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
                                                
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
:                                                      
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-00-5                                    40 + 70     40 + 70  
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-00-7                                    40 + 70     40 + 70  
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-00-8                                    40 + 70     40 + 70  
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-00-9                                    40 + 70     40 + 70  
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-00-5                                    40 + 70     40 + 70  
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-00-38                                   40 + 70     40 + 70  
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
-                            40 + 70     40 + 70  
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
                                   40 + 70     40 + 70  
+----------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+
                         40 + 70     40 + 70  
----------------------------------------+-------------+------------


:

1. : - IV - V 24404-80; - III 24404-80.

2. , - .

3. :



                              N = 0,8 x N ,
                               k         n


 N  -     .
     n


     4.            
,         12 
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      y


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 y                             y










13





46



--------------+------------+--------+------+-------------------------------------------------
,   -   -              
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                     - +---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
                            -- -,
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                                       - -                   
                                                                            
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
        1           2        3      4       5       6       7      8      9    10  
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
         6465-76  1,65   60,0  15 - 20  15 - 20 15 - 205 - 10 5 - 105 - 10
-                                                                             
:                                                                         
-115                                                                        
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
-223            2,0    62,0  15 - 20  15 - 20 15 - 205 - 10 5 - 105 - 10
             14923-78                                                              
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
-14                    1,86   66,0  15 - 20  15 - 20 15 - 205 - 10 5 - 105 - 10
             6-10-585-78                                                           
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
:              2,06   65,0  15 - 20  15 - 20 15 - 205 - 10 5 - 105 - 10
-181       6-10-720-74                                                           
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
:          1,52   53,0  15 - 20  15 - 20 15 - 205 - 10 5 - 105 - 10
-230       6-10-585-65                                                           
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
-                 1,75   51,0  15 - 20     -    15 - 205 - 10 5 - 105 - 10
:  6-10-993-70                                                           
-226                                                                             
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
          4976-83  1,23   31,0  20 - 25     -       -   5 - 10 5 - 105 - 10
-                                                                             
                                                                        
-218                                                                             
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
-221        4976-83  1,22   26,0  15 - 20     -       -   5 - 10 5 - 105 - 10
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
-222        4976-83  1,29   23,0     5        -       -     -      -     -   
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
-223        4976-83  1,33   35,0  15 - 20     -       -     5      5     5   
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
-224        4976-83  1,30   27,0     5        -       -     -      -     -   
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
:              1,43   46,0  15 - 20     -       -     -    5 - 10  -   
-52        6-10-767-80                                                           
+-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+------+
-                 1,1    45,0  15 - 20     -       -     -    5 - 10  -   
:  6-10-1552-76                                                          
-271                                                                             
-------------+------------+--------+------+---------+--------+--------+------+-------+-------


:

1. , 7 - 10% 18 - 20 . C.

2. 100 - 110% .

3. 85% 50% .

4. .

.











14





47



-------------------------------------------+-----------------------
                               
                                             ( )   
                                                            n    
+------------------------------------------+-----------------------+
                           0,75          
+------------------------------------------+-----------------------+
                                              0,95          
+------------------------------------------+-----------------------+
                             0,80          
+------------------------------------------+-----------------------+
                             0,90          
+------------------------------------------+-----------------------+
                                              0,85          
+------------------------------------------+-----------------------+
                                        0,90          
+------------------------------------------+-----------------------+
,  ,                    0,90          
------------------------------------------+------------------------


     .      
      = 0,65.    
                                  n


              
 .










15





48



-------------------------------------+---------------+-------------
                  
                                                
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                                     
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
:                                                          
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                          25 - 30       55 - 60   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                              25 - 30       55 - 60   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
 -                     25 - 30       55 - 60   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                  25 - 35       50 - 60   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
:                                                           
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                           -          30 - 35   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
 -                        -          30 - 35   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                                 -          30 - 35   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                                                       
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
:                                                          
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                            30          55 - 60   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
 -                       30          55 - 60   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                    30          55 - 65   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
:                                                           
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                           -          30 - 45   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                                                       
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                     -          55 - 65   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                                                  
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
 -                   -          30 - 35   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
:                                                           
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                                 -          30 - 35   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
 -                        -          30 - 35   
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                                       
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:                                                          
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                            30            55      
+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
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+------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+
                                              
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:                                                          
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                          25 - 30       50 - 60   
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                              25 - 30       50 - 60   
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                                       -          35 - 45   
------------------------------------+---------------+--------------


:

     1.                 
  .          
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     2.                  
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16





49



---------------------+---------------------------------------------
                 
                                                                
                                                                 
                                                     
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17



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50



------------------+-----------------+----------------------------------------------
         ,            
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                                  -70 -3 -309   -æ-3014
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         1                 2       3    4      5     6   7    8      9    
+-----------------+-----------------+-----+-----+-------+-----+-----+-----+--------+
       :0,4300,350 0,350                        
                                                            
                                                         
+-----------------+-----------------+-----+-----+-------+-----+-----+-----+--------+
                 -                                              
                 :                                                
                         0,5100,415 0,415                        
                            0,3500,315       0,375                  
+-----------------+-----------------+-----+-----+-------+-----+-----+-----+--------+
       :                                        
                                                          
                                                         
                           0,4000,350 0,350                        
+-----------------+-----------------+-----+-----+-------+-----+-----+-----+--------+
       :                                        
                      0,380                              
                                                           
+-----------------+-----------------+-----+-----+-------+-----+-----+-----+--------+
       :                                        
                                       0,2500,250  0,250 
                   0,4950,445            0,2650,265  0,265 
+-----------------+-----------------+-----+-----+-------+-----+-----+-----+--------+
  :                                        
             0,3600,340            0,3000,300  0,220 
+-----------------+-----------------+-----+-----+-------+-----+-----+-----+--------+
 :                                        
                                   0,1450,145  0,145 
+-----------------+-----------------+-----+-----+-------+-----+-----+-----+--------+
     :                                        
                                                        
                  0,340                                   
   -                                         
           :                                                     
                            0,360                                   
+-----------------+-----------------+-----+-----+-------+-----+-----+-----+--------+
                                            
                                                            
                    0,375                                   
                                                                  
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. " " ( 1, 2), 26 1977 . 15 1978 . .



, <*>



51



--------------------+----------------------------------------------
                                     
                   +---------------------+------------------------+
                          
                                                  
                           10 x 16                              
+-------------------+---------------------+------------------------+
             0,115                  0,090         
+-------------------+---------------------+------------------------+
           0,161                  0,126         
-------------------+---------------------+-------------------------


------------------------------

<*> . , ., 1968, . 175.



,

,



52



-------------------------------+------------------+----------------
                        
                                ,           
                                       %                        
+------------------------------+------------------+----------------+
                                            
111-2001                                                        


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