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19.11.1999 N 331 " . 0212.19-99"

10 2009



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. 4


: | .1 | .2 | .3 | .4 | .5 |



                      -   -   ,- 
                        -            /     
                      -                  -  
                                              ,
                      .                      // 
                                                   
+--+------------+--------+--------+-----+-----+------+------+-------+
1 . ,     239,9    0,44  9,5910,03    0  10,03 41,81 
                                                      
+--+------------+--------+--------+-----+-----+------+------+-------+
2 . ,  154,0    0,28  3,85 4,13    0   4,13 26,83 
                                                      
+--+------------+--------+--------+-----+-----+------+------+-------+
3 . ,   393,8    0,72 13,4414,16    0  14,16 35,95 
                                                
  .                                                 
  .                                               
+--+------------+--------+--------+-----+-----+------+------+-------+
4 . ,   119,7    0,20  3,67 3,87    0   3,87 32,34 
   .                                              
+--+------------+--------+--------+-----+-----+------+------+-------+
5 . ,    42,2    0,05  2,09 2,14    0   2,14 50,76 
                                                      
+--+------------+--------+--------+-----+-----+------+------+-------+
  .        560,0    3,41 24,5727,98    0  27,98 49,96 
+--+------------+--------+--------+-----+-----+------+------+-------+
         1115,75   4,37 25,7830,15    0  30,15 43,13 
:                                                  
---------------+--------+--------+-----+-----+------+------+--------


15



,

. (

.), /



---+------------+-------+-------------------+------+---------------
N --        -          
    ,                                    
                                                      
                     +--------+----T-----+------+-------+-------+
                     -   -  ,- 
                       -           /      
                     -                  -  
                                             ,
                     .                      // 
                                                  
+--+------------+-------+--------+----+-----+------+-------+-------+
1 . ,    239,9     0,061,74 1,80    0   1,80  7,50  
                                                     
+--+------------+-------+--------+----+-----+------+-------+-------+
2 . , 154,0     0,040,70 0,74    0   0,74  4,79  
                                                     
+--+------------+-------+--------+----+-----+------+-------+-------+
3 . ,  393,8     0,102,44 2,54    0   2,54  6,44  
                                               
  .                                                
  .                                              
+--+------------+-------+--------+----+-----+------+-------+-------+
4 . ,  119,7     0,030,67 0,69    0   0,69  5,79  
   .                                             
+--+------------+-------+--------+----+-----+------+-------+-------+
5 . ,   42,2     0,010,38 0,39    0   0,39  9,23  
                                                     
+--+------------+-------+--------+----+-----+------+-------+-------+
  .       560,0     0,701,19 1,89    0   1,89  3,38  
+--+------------+-------+--------+----+-----+------+-------+-------+
        1115,75    0,844,67 5,51    0   5,51  4,94  
:                                                 
---------------+-------+--------+----+-----+------+-------+--------




, , (12%) 16, 17.



16



,

. ( ), /



---+------------+---------+-------------+-------------+--------------
N -,                
                                         
              +----+----+------+------+-------+-----+------+-------+
               .    , - 
                                      /     
                      N           -         -
                                          ,  
                                                    // 
                                                        
+--+------------+----+----+------+------+-------+-----+------+-------+
1 . ,   29092193 49,91 49,91   5,99 5,99 43,92   8,61
                                                      
+--+------------+----+----+------+------+-------+-----+------+-------+
2 . ,38011150 47,72 47,72   5,73 5,73 42,00   8,48
                                                      
+--+------------+----+----+------+------+-------+-----+------+-------+
3 . , 67103343 93,68 93,68  11,7211,72 85,92   8,55
                                                
  .                                                 
  .                                               
+--+------------+----+----+------+------+-------+-----+------+-------+
4 . , 2348 974 29,70 29,70   3,56 3,56 26,13   7,87
   .                                              
+--+------------+----+----+------+------+-------+-----+------+-------+
5 . ,  432 293  6,53  6,53   0,78 0,78  5,75   7,92
                                                      
+--+------------+----+----+------+------+-------+-----+------+-------+
        94904610133,86133,86  16,0616,06117,80   8,35
:                                                  
---------------+----+----+------+------+-------+-----+------+--------


17



,

. ( ), /



---+------------+----------+---------------+-------+---------------
N -    ,        -        
                                            
                                                 
              +----+-----+--------+------+-------+-------+-------+
                .       ,- 
                                      /      
                                               -
                                                ,  
                                                   // 
                                                       
+--+------------+----+-----+--------+------+-------+-------+-------+
1 . ,   2909 2193   1,142 1,142     0   1,142  0,224
                                                     
+--+------------+----+-----+--------+------+-------+-------+-------+
2 . ,3801 1150   1,094 1,094     0   1,094  0,221
                                                     
+--+------------+----+-----+--------+------+-------+-------+-------+
3 . , 6710 3343   2,148 2,148     0   2,236  0,22 
                                               
  .                                                
  .                                              
+--+------------+----+-----+--------+------+-------+-------+-------+
4 . , 2348  974   0,684 0,684     0   0,684  0,206
   .                                             
+--+------------+----+-----+--------+------+-------+-------+-------+
5 . ,  432  293   0,151 0,151     0   0,151  0,208
                                                     
+--+------------+----+-----+--------+------+-------+-------+-------+
        9490 4610   3,07  3,07      0   3,07   0,22 
:                                                 
---------------+----+-----+--------+------+-------+-------+--------


() 100 x 100 .. ArcView 3.0 (. 2, 3).



. 2. .



*****



. 3. .



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(Flow Direction) (. 4), . . 5 , .



. 4.



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. 5.



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(. 6).



. 6. .



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(), (6), , .

--------------------------------

- ""



19 , .



18



()



---+--------------+--------------------------------+---------------
N                            
         +--------+--------+-------+------+-------+-------+
                --    . 
                   -        
                                        
                                                    
                         .                           
+--+--------------+--------+--------+-------+------+-------+-------+
1 . ,      310,61    10,3   43,92364,83 42,668 0,11  
                                                      
+--+--------------+--------+--------+-------+------+-------+-------+
2 . ,   144,44     4,13  42   190,57 26,411 0,13  
                                                      
+--+--------------+--------+--------+-------+------+-------+-------+
3 . ,    450,15    14,33  85,92550,4  67,582 0,12  
                                                
  .                                                 
  .                                               
+--+--------------+--------+--------+-------+------+-------+-------+
4 . ,    198,43     3,87  26,13228,43 74,282 0,3251
   .                                              
+--+--------------+--------+--------+-------+------+-------+-------+
5 . ,     10,83    30,12   5,75 46,7  33,126 0,70  
                                                      
+--+--------------+--------+--------+-------+------+-------+-------+
          659,41    49,22 117,8 826,43174,99  0,21  
:                                                  
-----------------+--------+--------+-------+------+-------+--------


19



()



---+--------------+----------------------------------+-------------
N                            
         +--------+--------+--------+-------+------+------+
                --     .
                   -        
                                        
                                                    
                         .                           
+--+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-------+------+------+
1 . ,        99,83    1,80  1,142 102,772 1,014 0,009
                                                      
+--+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-------+------+------+
2 . ,     36,44    0,74  1,094  38,274 1,647 0,043
                                                      
+--+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-------+------+------+
3 . ,     136,15    2,54  2,236 140,926 3,318 0,023
                                                
  .                                                 
  .                                               
+--+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-------+------+------+
4 . ,      31,09    0,69  0,684  32,464 0,522 0,01 
   .                                              
+--+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-------+------+------+
5 . ,       2,65    2,28  0,151   5,081 1,029 0,2  
                                                      
+--+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-------+------+------+
           169,89    5,51  3,071 178,471 4,869 0,027
:                                                  
-----------------+--------+--------+--------+-------+------+-------


              ,      
  ,       
  .,   -       = 0,11 - 0,12,   -
                                   N
                                    


      = 0,009 - 0,043.
 
  


( ) , ( 8 2 (6)).

- (. 7).



. 7.



*****



ArcView 3.0, .

( .) . 20 . = 50% ( ) = 75% ( ).



20



, /



---+------------+---------+-----------------------------------------
N -    .     (), %           
                +-------+-------+--------+-------+--------+
                - -  
                         --  - 
                       ,   ,   ,     
                       25%    50%    -  75%    -  
                                              
                                     , %        , % 
+--+------------+---------+-------+-------+--------+-------+--------+
1 . ,   0,147044 26,48  18,6834   30   15,274    42   
                                                       
+--+------------+---------+-------+-------+--------+-------+--------+
2 . ,0,00838  42,474 35,039    18   31,0275   27   
                                                       
+--+------------+---------+-------+-------+--------+-------+--------+
3 . , 0,008653469,124 56,502    18   49,5404   28   
   .                                               
+--+------------+---------+-------+-------+--------+-------+--------+
4 . , 0,001540322,494721,1283    6   20,0064   11   
                                                       
L--+------------+---------+-------+-------+--------+-------+---------


--------------------------------

- ""



( = 25% ). .

. , 18% 19% = 25% .











2



1





-----------+---------------------------+---------------------------+---------------------------
                                     -                               
          +------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+
          N(NH4)N(NO2)N(NO3)(O4)N(NH4)N(NO2)N(NO3)(O4)N(NH4)N(NO2)N(NO3)(4)
+----------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+
    0,26  0,008 0,45  0,02  0,25  0,004 0,20  0,02  0,25  0,007 0,40  0,01 
+----------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+
   0,18  0,003 0,15  0,02  0,16  0,001 0,10  0,01  0,12  0,002 0,10  0,02 
+----------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+
      0,18  0,009 0,22  0,01  0,16  0,009 0,20  0,01  0,12  0,003 0,30  0,01 
+----------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+
      0,26  0,009 0,20  0,01  0,27  0,008 0,20  0,02  0,20  0,006 0,30  0,01 
+----------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+
   0,26  0,004 0,03  0,013 0,16  0,002 0,01  0,008 0,16  0,002 0,01  0,008
+----------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+
      0,16  0,005 0,10  0,01  0,10  0,009 0,05  0,02  0,06  0,012 0,10  0,01 
+----------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+
.  0,27  0,002 0,11  0,01  0,17  0,001 0,02  0,01  0,26  0,001 0,16  0,003
+----------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+
     0,25  0,002 0,17  0,009 0,17  0,001 0,02  0,008                  
----------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+----------------------------




2



,

%



-----------+---------------+-------------------+-------------------
                    
                         +----------+--------+----------+--------+
                                         
+----------+---------------+----------+--------+----------+--------+
              6,0      1,0       3,5     0,5   
          +---------------+----------+--------+----------+--------+
                      6,0      1,0       8,5     0,5   
+----------+---------------+----------+--------+----------+--------+
              6,2      1,0       3,5     0,5   
  +---------------+----------+--------+----------+--------+
                      9,8      1,0       8,2     0,5   
+----------+---------------+----------+--------+----------+--------+
            6,2      1,0       4,1     0,5   
    +---------------+----------+--------+----------+--------+
                      9,8      1,0       8,0     0,5   
+----------+---------------+----------+--------+----------+--------+
           6,2      1,0       3,5     0,5   
+---------------+----------+--------+----------+--------+
                      9,8      1,0       6,5     0,5   
+----------+---------------+----------+--------+----------+--------+
-             0,3      1,0       0,6     0,5   
  +---------------+----------+--------+----------+--------+
                            0,3      1,0       0,5     0,5   
----------+---------------+----------+--------+----------+---------


3





-----------------------------------+-------------------------------
                                          N/            
                                  +---------+---------+-----------+
                                   
                                                          
+----------------------------------+---------+---------+-----------+
                        4,4 - 7,1 0,7 - 4,0 
+----------------------------------+---------+---------+-----------+
                     2,3 - 4,6           
+----------------------------------+---------+---------+-----------+
-                11,0    1,0 - 1,6 
                                              
+----------------------------------+---------+---------+-----------+
                         0,6 - 2,9                    
+----------------------------------+---------+---------+-----------+
-           17 - 21  15 - 34    2 - 8   
(70 - 80%)                                          
                                          
  (20 - 30%)                               
----------------------------------+---------+---------+------------


4



                   
        (  ), /  
                                     ij


------------------+--------------------------------------+----T----
                                           N  2O5
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+----+----+
       -                   2,451,2 
                 +--------------------------------------+----+----+
                       2,5 1,3 
                                                  
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+----+----+
    -                   3,4 0,9 
                 +--------------------------------------+----+----+
                       3,241,2 
                                                  
                 +--------------------------------------+----+----+
                                      2,9 1,0 
                 +--------------------------------------+----+----+
                                  3,3 1,0 
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+----+----+
    -                   3,3 1,4 
                 +--------------------------------------+----+----+
                       3,7 1,1 
                                                  
                 +--------------------------------------+----+----+
                                      4,0 1,1 
                 +--------------------------------------+----+----+
                                  4,2 1,0 
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+----+----+
     -                   2,6 1,04
                 +--------------------------------------+----+----+
                       2,4 1,2 
                                                  
                 +--------------------------------------+----+----+
                         3,041,14
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+----+----+
        -                   0,5 0,15
                 +--------------------------------------+----+----+
                       0,6 0,25
                                                  
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+----+----+
   -                   0,250,1 


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<

""

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